Thursday, July 4, 2019

ABP 2019 - Part V: Ural mountains


Siberian Rubythroat with geolocator © Wieland Heim
My last stop on this year´s expedition through Russia were the Ural mountains. Our goal was again to search for returning birds with geolocators, and to start a project on the migration of the White´s Thrush Zoothera aurea. This species is the largest songbird migrating along the East Asian flyway, heavy enough to carry a satellite transmitter - which would allow real-time tracking.
The team met in Ekaterinburg – Leo came from Lake Baikal, Vera from the Far East, Andy from Germany and Anna from Moscow. On the next day Kasper Thorup, head of the bird migration lab at the University of Copenhagen, arrived, and together we travelled north towards the Urals. By using various buses and cars it took us around 12 hours to reach our camp site at the foot of the Kvarkush plateau. Here heavy rainfalls greeted us. The next seven nights we spend running up and down the mountains, working all night from 20 to 10 to search for the thrushes as well as for Siberian Rubythroats Calliope calliope and Bluethroats Luscinia svecica. Unfortunately, we did not relocate any returned Bluethroat, but we were able to retrieved one geolocator of a Siberian Rubythroat – out of only three birds tagged in 2018! We found much more birds compared to the year before, and tagged most of them with new data loggers. Less easy was the work with the White´s Thrushes: to catch them, we had to pinpoint their exact location – and since their song is incredibly far carrying, we had to follow them through the forest for up to 1km. And during the shortest night of the year, they stopped singing completely. Nevertheless, we caught two individuals, from which we will hopefully learn about their unknown migration route.
The Kvarkush plateau is a beautiful place to work, and thanks to the cold and rainy weather we had very few mosquitoes. Among the rarer birds we had Great Snipe Gallinago media, Oriental Cuckoo Cuculus optatus, Black-throated Thrush Turdus atrogularis and Yellow-browed Warblers Phylloscopus inornatus – for many of this species, the Ural is the westernmost border of their distribution. Quite unexpected was the observation of a displaying Pin-tailed Snipe Gallinago stenura, south-west of its known range.
I want to thank the team for their hard work, Johannes Kamp for supporting the project, and Ural Expeditions & Tours for taking care of all documents and transport.

Die letzte Station auf meiner Forschungsreise in diesem Jahr war das Uralgebirge. Auch hier war unser Ziel, beloggerte Vögel aus dem Vorjahr zu finden. Außerdem wollten wir mit einem Projekt zum Zug der Erddrossel beginnen. Die Erddrossel ist der größte Singvogel, welcher von Russland nach Südostasien zieht, und die einzige dieser Arten, welche schwer genug ist, um einen Satellitensender zu tragen.  Mit Hilfe dieser Technik könnten wir das Zugverhalten in Echtzeit verfolgen!
Das Team traf sich in Ekaterinburg – Leo kam vom Baikal, Vera vom Amur, Andy aus Deutschland und Anna aus Moskau. Am nächsten Tag traf dann auch Kasper Throup ein, Leiter der Vogelzugforschungsgruppe der Universität Kopenhagen. Gemeinsam brachen wir nach Norden zum Ural auf. Mit Hilfe verschiedener Busse und Autos gelangten wir nach 12 Stunden an den Fuß des Kvarkush-Plateaus, wo wir von heftigen Regenfällen empfangen wurden. Die nächsten sieben Nächte rannten wir die Berge hoch und runter, von 20 bis 10 Uhr immer auf der Suche nach Rubinkehlchen, Blaukehlchen und natürlich den Drosseln. Leider konnten wir keins der Blaukehlchen aus dem letzten Jahr finden. Umso erfreulicher war jedoch, dass eines der nur drei im Vorjahr markierten Rubinkehlchen zurückgekommen war, und seinen Datenlogger wieder mitgebracht hatte! Insgesamt fanden wir deutlich mehr Individuen als im vorigen Jahr, und die meisten von ihnen konnten mit einem neuen Geolokator ausgestattet werden. Die Arbeit mit den Erddrosseln hingegen gestaltete sich schwieriger: um sie zu fangen, mussten wir die exakte Singwarte der Vögel bestimmen – und da der Gesang sehr weit zu hören und schwer zu orten ist, mussten wir bis zu einem Kilometer querfeldein durch den Wald kriechen, um die Drosseln zu finden. Während der kürzesten Nächte des Jahres verstummten die Erddrosseln dann komplett. Nichtsdestotrotz gelang es uns, zwei Individuen zu fangen, welche uns hoffentlich Einblicke in die bisher unbekannten Zugwege dieser scheuen Art ermöglichen werden.
Das Kvarkush-Plateau ist ein wunderschöner Arbeitsplatz, und dank des kühlen und regnerischen Wetters waren nur wenige Mücken aktiv. Wir freuten uns über Doppelschnepfen, Hopfkuckucke, Schwarzkehldrosseln und Gelbbrauen-Laubsänger – die meisten dieser Arten kommen hier im Ural an ihre westliche Verbreitungsgrenze. Unerwartet war die mehrmalige Beobachtung einer balzenden Spießbekassine, welche normalerweise weiter nord-östlich vorkommt.
Ich möchte mich bei meinem Team für deren harte Arbeit bedanken, bei Johannes Kamp für die Unterstützung des Projektes und bei Ural Expeditions & Tours für die Organisation der Genehmigungen und Logistik.

// Wieland
Crossing the border: from Asia to Europe © Anna Korshunova
Special roads need special cars © Wieland Heim
Our camp in the forest © Andreas Siegmund
Vera in our kitchen © Wieland Heim
Anna preparing for another wet night © Wieland Heim
Can anyone hear a White´s Thrush? © Andreas Siegmund
Finally: White´s Thrush songpost found © Wieland Heim
Kasper with one of the thrushes © Andreas Siegmund
 
Sunrise over the Ural ridge © Wieland Heim
Leo looking for Bluethroats on a misty morning © Wieland Heim
Andy waiting for the Bluethroat to fly into our net © Wieland Heim
Fitting a geolocator to a Bluethroat © Andreas Siegmund
Male Bluethroat with geolocator © Andreas Siegmund
Black-throated Thrush, female © Andreas Siegmund
Little Bunting © Andreas Siegmund
Olive-backed Pipit in display flight © Andreas Siegmund
Viviparous Lizard, the northernmost occuring reptile species © Wieland Heim
Another Rubythroat gets ringed - hope it will come back next year! © Andreas Siegmund
On our way back to Serov © Anna Korshunova
Total captures, 19.-26.06.2019: 33 birds out of 9 species
Blaukehlchen Bluethroat Варакушка Luscinia svecica 17
Rubinkehlchen Siberian Rubythroat Соловей-красношейка Calliope calliope 6
Rohrammer Reed Bunting Камышовая овсянка Emberiza schoeniclus 2
Fitis Willow Warbler Пеночка-весничка  Phylloscopus trochilus 2
Erddrossel White´s Thrush Пестрый дрозд Zoothera aurea 2
Zwergammer Little Bunting Овсянка-крошка Emberiza pusilla 1
Singdrossel Song Thrush Певчий дрозд  Turdus philomelos 1
Heckenbraunelle Dunnock Лесная завирушка Prunella modularis 1
Rotdrossel Redwing Белобровик Turdus iliacus 1

24 comments:

  1. Excelente muchachos, muy buen proyecto. Les quiero preguntar qué geolocalizador utilizan. geogfranciscocontreras@gmail.com

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